# Android random function

## Android random function

Hi,

I'm learning  to developer on android, and I'm making a exercise of Sharedpreferences, but I don't know how to generate a random number and show into textview on my app.

JudLup Luna
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Estoy aprendiendo a desarrolladores en Android, y estoy haciendo un ejercicio de Sharedpreferences, pero no sé cómo generar un número aleatorio y mostrar en TextView en mi aplicación.

JudLup Luna

Hi JudLup

Sadly I do not know Android platform,but Android is written in Java and probably has built in math library.I would also recommend you to check posibility of importing Java classes.

>>... I don't know how to generate a random number...

Here is example:
...
class TestSet
{
...
TestSet()
{
float r = ( ( float ) Math.random() - 0.5f ) * 0.2f;
...
}
...
}

you can use "math.random". this methode generate a number between 0 and 1. you can multlply it with the max number that you want to reach.

Here are some examples with results :

Math.random()

Math.round(Math.random()*10); // 1 digit random

Math.round(Math.random()*100); //2 digit random

Math.round(Math.random()*1000); //3 digit random

Results:

Math random value :0.8393086905318781

Math random value :3

Math random value :82

Math random value :719

Hi JudLup Luna,

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:orientation="vertical"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
>
<TextView
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="@string/hello"
/>
<Button
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="Generate Random number"
android:id="@+id/generate"
/>
<TextView
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:id="@+id/generatenumber"
/>
</LinearLayout>

RandomNumber.java
import java.util.Random;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class RandomNumber extends Activity {
/** Called when the activity is first created. */
@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.main);

final Random myRandom = new Random();

Button buttonGenerate = (Button)findViewById(R.id.generate);
final TextView textGenerateNumber = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.generatenumber);

buttonGenerate.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener(){

@Override
public void onClick(View v) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
textGenerateNumber.setText(String.valueOf(myRandom.nextInt()));
}                      });
}
}