# Sampling nonsense

## Sampling nonsense

[platform XP/P3 vtune 6.1]

I have a hard time understanding the math in vtune sampling result, Example:

Instruction retired - 2,920
ClockTicks - 1574
Cycle per retired Instruction - 1.214

If 2920 instruction execute and they take 1.214 cycle this add up to 3539 clockTicks, not 1574.

I didn't find in the help file an explaination on this.

Thanks any clarifying,

Stephan

PS: I asked this on the premier site, but wonder if any of you got the same math or understanding problem?

6 posts / 0 new
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Stephan the reason your math is not working out is because Pentium processors since the Pentium Pro can execute and retire multiple instructions per clock cycle (superscalar). The processors are also pipelined so there is overlap in instruction execution. We calculate cycles per instruction retired by dividing the number of clocktick samples by the number of instruction retired samples.

Lets review:

2920 instructions executed in 1574 cycle.
1574 / 2920 = .539 CPI

How do you guy get to 1.214 ;)

Stephan

Instruction retired - 2,920
ClockTicks - 1574
Cycle per retired Instruction - 1.214

Sorry I misread ;) Where exactly did you get the numbers from? Could you post or send me a screen shot pointing out where you got the numbers from?

Stephan, the VTune analyzer is calculating the CPI correctly. The reason your calculation is not working is because you are using the number of samples of instructions retired and clocktick events to do your calculation. You should actually use the total number of events. Total events = samples * sample after value
In your case the sample after values for clockticks and instructions retired are 346189 and 92150 respectively. So
Total events for clockticks for the hightlighted region = 346189 * 1184
Total events for instructions retired for the hightlighted region = 92150 * 4154
Thus CPI = 1.071

If you want the VTune analyzer to show you the number of events and not samples in the source view then right click anywhere in the source view and select View Events As -> Sample Counts

Birju

Also, Stephan,
Ratios are always computed based on event values i.e. samples * sample after value and not on samples. This is to because VTune lets you configure events so that they have different sample after values. When computing ratios, they need to be normalized to make any sense. So yes, you can choose to see samples collected for an event instead of event values but ratios will always be based on event values.

Susmita