User Guide

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Data Communication, Child Task

Occurs when a task writes a value that a different (child) task reads. A child task is a task nested inside another task.
Problem type: Data communication
ID
Code Location
Description
1
Allocation site
If present, represents the location and associated call stack when the memory block was allocated.
2
Parallel site
Represents the location and associated call stack of the parallel site containing the Data Communication problem.
3
Write
Represents the instruction and associated call stack where the memory was written.
4
Read
Represents the instruction and associated call stack where the memory was read in a different task execution.
Example
void problem() {     int* pointer = new int; // Allocation site     ANNOTATE_SITE_BEGIN(datacomm_site1); // Begin parallel site         ANNOTATE_TASK_BEGIN(task1);             *pointer = 999; // Write         ANNOTATE_TASK_END(); assert(*pointer == 999); // Read     ANNOTATE_SITE_END(); }
In this example, one task writes a heap-allocated
int
, then an ancestor task reads it.
void data_communication() { ANNOTATE_SITE_BEGIN(data_communication_site); // Parallel site { for (int i=0; i<N; i++) { ANNOTATE_TASK_BEGIN(data_communication_task1); { communication++; /* write in child */ // Write } ANNOTATE_TASK_END(); printf(“%d\n”, communication); /* read in parent */ // Read } ANNOTATE_SITE_END(); }
In this example, the incremented variable is read after each task. This creates a serial dependence.
Possible Correction Strategies
If you can preserve the application's integrity, consider moving the reads by the parent task into the child task. In the example above, this would result in non-deterministic output. If moving the read is not possible, you may need to use a different strategy, such as pipelining the loop.

Product and Performance Information

1

Performance varies by use, configuration and other factors. Learn more at www.Intel.com/PerformanceIndex.