Barring over/underflow, all output quantities are correct to within a few units in the last place (
), even in the absence of a guard digit in addition/subtraction. In ieee arithmetic, the code works correctly if one matrix element is infinite. Overflow will not occur unless the largest singular value itself overflows, or is within a few ulps of overflow. (On machines with partial overflow, like the Cray, overflow may occur if the largest singular value is within a factor of 2 of overflow.) Underflow is harmless if underflow is gradual. Otherwise, results may correspond to a matrix modified by perturbations of size near the underflow threshold.