Interpret Results

When the sample application exits, the Intel® VTune™ Amplifier finalizes the results and opens the Hotspots viewpoint where each window or pane is configured to easily identify code regions that consumed a lot of CPU time. To interpret the data on the sample code performance, do the following:

Note

The screenshots and execution time data provided in this tutorial are created on a system with more than 240 logical cores. Your data may vary depending on the number and type of CPU cores on your system.

Analyze Basic Performance Statistics

Start analysis with the Summary window. To interpret the data, hover over the question mark icons to read the pop-up help and better understand what each performance metric means.

  • Elapsed time for the matrix application is 28.542 seconds. This is wall clock time from the beginning to the end of the collection, including data allocation and calculation. Note that Elapsed time metric provided in the Summary window is different from the Execution time provided in the application output, which includes calculation only.

  • CPU Time is equal to 5816.825 seconds. It is the sum of CPU time for all application threads.

  • Instructions Retired metric displays an estimated number of instructions executed during the collection (captured in the INSTRUCTIONS_EXECUTED hardware event), which is an essential component of the ratio given below.

  • Clockticks per Instructions Retired (CPI) Rate is an event ratio, also known as Cycles per Instructions, which is one of the basic performance metrics. High CPI Rate is marked in pink and signals a possible performance issue. Potential causes are memory stalls, instruction starvation, branch misprediction, or long-latency instruction.

For more detailed analysis, switch to the Bottom-up window to identify code sections responsible for detected problems.

Identify Most Performance-Critical Functions

By default, the data in the grid is sorted by Function. You may change the grouping level using the Grouping drop-down menu at the top of the grid.

Analyze the CPU Time column values. You may hover over a column name to see the formula used for the calculation of this metric. The CPU Time column is marked with a yellow star as the Data of Interest column, which means that the VTune Amplifier uses this type of data for some calculations (for example, filtering, stack contribution, and others). Functions that took most CPU time to execute are listed on top.

The multiply1 function is an obvious hotspot that took the most CPU Time and the biggest count for the Instructions Retired event. Its CPI rate is also considered as high and is marked by the VTune Amplifier as a performance issue. You may hover over the pink cell to read a description of the issue and proposed solution.

Next Step

Analyze Code


Supplemental documentation specific to a particular Intel Studio may be available at <install-dir>\<studio>\documentation\ .

Nähere Informationen zur Compiler-Optimierung finden Sie in unserem Optimierungshinweis.