Essential Interfaces for Algorithms

In addition to Generic Interfaces, more methods enable interfacing numeric tables with algorithms.

The getDataLayout method provides information about the data layout:

Data Layout

Description

soa

Structure-Of-Arrays (SOA). Values of individual data features are stored in contiguous memory blocks.

aos

Array-Of-Structures (AOS). Feature vectors are stored in contiguous memory block.

csr_Array

Condensed-Sparse-Row (CSR).

lowerPackedSymetricMatrix

Lower packed symmetric matrix

lowerPackedTriangularMatrix

Lower packed triangular matrix

upperPackedSymetricMatrix

Upper packed symmetric matrix

upperPackedTriangularMatrix

Upper packed triangular matrix

unknown

No information about data layout or unsupported layout.

Rather than access the entire in-memory data set, it is often more efficient to process it by blocks. The key methods that Intel DAAL algorithms use for per-block data access are getBlockOfRows() and getBlockOfColumnValues(). The getBlockOfRows() method accesses a block of feature vectors, while the getBlockOfColumnValues() method accesses a block of values for a given feature. A particular algorithm uses getBlockOfRows(), getBlockOfColumnValues(), or both methods to access the data. The efficiency of data access highly depends on the data layout and on whether the data type of the feature is natively supported by the algorithm without type conversions. Refer to the Performance Considerations section in the description of a particular algorithm for a discussion of the optimal data layout and natively supported data types.

When the data layout fits the per-block data access pattern and the algorithm requests the data type that corresponds to the actual data type, the getBlockOfRows() and getBlockOfColumnValues() methods avoid data copying and type conversion. However, when the layout does not fit the data access pattern or when type conversion is required, both methods automatically re-pack and convert data as required.

When dealing with custom or unsupported data layouts, you must implement NumericTableIface, DenseNumericTableIface interfaces, and optionally CSRNumericTableIface or PackedNumericTableIface interfaces.

Some algorithms, such as Moments of Low Order, compute basic statistics (minimums, maximums, and so on). The other algorithms, such as Correlation and Variance-Covariance Matrices or Principal Component Analysis, require some basic statistics on input. To avoid duplicated computation of basic statistics, Intel DAAL provides methods to store and retrieve basic statistics associated with a given numeric table: basicStatistics.set() and basicStatistics.get(). The following basic statistics are computed for each numeric table:

  • minimum - minimum
  • maximum - maximum
  • sum - sum
  • sumSquares - sum of squares

Note

The default data type of basic statistics is float.

Special Interfaces for the HomogenNumericTable and Matrix Classes

Use the assign method to initialize elements of a dense homogeneous numeric table with a certain value, that is, to set all elements of the matrix to zero.

Use the operator [] method to access rows of a homogeneous dense numeric table.

Special Interfaces for the PackedTriangularMatrix and PackedSymmetricMatrix Classes

While you can use generic getArray() and setArray() methods to access the data in a packed format, in algorithms that have specific implementations for a packed data layout, you can use more specific getPackedValues() and releasePackedValues() methods.

Special Interfaces for the CSRNumericTable Class

To access three CSR arrays (values , columns, and rowIndex), use getArrays() and setArrays() methods instead of generic getArray() and setArray() methods. For details of the arrays, see CSR data layout. Similarly, in algorithms that have specific implementations for the CSR data layout, you can use more specific getBlockOfCSRValues() and releaseBlockOfCSRValues() methods.

Special Interfaces for the MergedNumericTable Class

To add a new array to the object of the MergedNumericTable class, use the addNumericTable() method.

For more complete information about compiler optimizations, see our Optimization Notice.
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