Thought I'd share a great read. It has just enough theory and hands-on. Sufficient C# knowledge is a plus. The book employs VS 2010 (in addition to a little usage of VS 2005 and a lot of VS 2008) - don't let the title fool you; it was published in 2009. Very relevant resource.
Title: C# 2008 and 2005 Threaded Programming
Author: Gaston C. Hillar
Publisher: Packt Publishing