Aligning Pointers to Microsoft DirectX* Buffers Upon Mapping

If your application utilizes resource sharing with Microsoft DirectX* 10 or 11 by use of mapping, use the CL_MEM_USE_HOST_PTR flag. Also note that mapping is less efficient than using the cl_khr_d3d10_sharing or cl_khr_d3d11_sharing.

Consider the general interoperability flow:

  1. Map a resource to CPU
  2. Create a buffer wrapping the memory
  3. Use the buffer by use of the OpenCL™ regular commands
  4. Upon competition of the OpenCL commands, the resource can be safely unmapped.

Now use the CL_MEM_USE_HOST_PTR flag to directly operate on the mapped memory and avoid data copying upon OpenCL buffer creation. This method requires properly aligned memory. See the “Mapping Memory Objects” section for more information.

Note

Aligning might result in unprocessed data between original and aligned pointer.

If it is acceptable for your application, and/or the copying overhead is of concern, consider aligning of the pointer returned by the DirectX map call to comply with the "Mapping Memory Objects" section.

Another potential workaround is to allocate larger DirectX resource than it is required, so that you have some room for a safe alignment. This approach requires some additional application logic.

See Also

Mapping Memory Objects
Using Microsoft DirectX* Resources

For more complete information about compiler optimizations, see our Optimization Notice.