Computes all eigenvalues and, optionally, all eigenvectors of a complex Hermitian matrix using divide and conquer algorithm.


lapack_int LAPACKE_cheevd( int matrix_layout, char jobz, char uplo, lapack_int n, lapack_complex_float* a, lapack_int lda, float* w );

lapack_int LAPACKE_zheevd( int matrix_layout, char jobz, char uplo, lapack_int n, lapack_complex_double* a, lapack_int lda, double* w );

Include Files

  • mkl.h


The routine computes all the eigenvalues, and optionally all the eigenvectors, of a complex Hermitian matrix A. In other words, it can compute the spectral factorization of A as: A = Z*Λ*ZH.

Here Λ is a real diagonal matrix whose diagonal elements are the eigenvalues λi, and Z is the (complex) unitary matrix whose columns are the eigenvectors zi. Thus,

A*zi = λi*zi for i = 1, 2, ..., n.

If the eigenvectors are requested, then this routine uses a divide and conquer algorithm to compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors. However, if only eigenvalues are required, then it uses the Pal-Walker-Kahan variant of the QL or QR algorithm.

Note that for most cases of complex Hermetian eigenvalue problems the default choice should be heevr function as its underlying algorithm is faster and uses less workspace. ?heevd requires more workspace but is faster in some cases, especially for large matrices.

Input Parameters


Specifies whether matrix storage layout is row major (LAPACK_ROW_MAJOR) or column major (LAPACK_COL_MAJOR).


Must be 'N' or 'V'.

If jobz = 'N', then only eigenvalues are computed.

If jobz = 'V', then eigenvalues and eigenvectors are computed.


Must be 'U' or 'L'.

If uplo = 'U', a stores the upper triangular part of A.

If uplo = 'L', a stores the lower triangular part of A.


The order of the matrix A (n 0).


a (size max(1, lda*n)) is an array containing either upper or lower triangular part of the Hermitian matrix A, as specified by uplo.


The leading dimension of the array a. Must be at least max(1, n).

Output Parameters


Array, size at least max(1, n).

If info = 0, contains the eigenvalues of the matrix A in ascending order. See also info.


If jobz = 'V', then on exit this array is overwritten by the unitary matrix Z which contains the eigenvectors of A.

Return Values

This function returns a value info.

If info=0, the execution is successful.

If info = i, and jobz = 'N', then the algorithm failed to converge; i off-diagonal elements of an intermediate tridiagonal form did not converge to zero;

if info = i, and jobz = 'V', then the algorithm failed to compute an eigenvalue while working on the submatrix lying in rows and columns info/(n+1) through mod(info, n+1).

If info = -i, the i-th parameter had an illegal value.

Application Notes

The computed eigenvalues and eigenvectors are exact for a matrix A + E such that ||E||2 = O(ε)*||A||2, where ε is the machine precision.

The real analogue of this routine is syevd. See also hpevd for matrices held in packed storage, and hbevd for banded matrices.

For more complete information about compiler optimizations, see our Optimization Notice.
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