Installing the Android Debug Bridge (ADB) USB Driver on a Windows Computer

If your workstation is running Linux* or Apple* OS X* you already have the necessary USB drivers installed and can safely skip the instructions on this page. In that case, please see Configure USB Debug for Android* for help confirming that your Android USB debug connection is configured and working properly.

If you are using a Microsoft* Windows* development system and are having trouble making your Android* USB debug connection work, you may need to install the Android Debug Bridge USB driver onto your Windows machine, and then connect that driver to your Android device.

For each new Android device that you attach to your Windows machine you will need to repeat the steps described on this page, starting with the section titled Verify that USB debugging is enabled on your Android device to connect the Android USB debug driver to your new Android test device.

A video tutorial is also available below (or at Windows ADB Driver Install for the Intel XDK). The video walks you through the steps necessary to install and configure the Windows Android ADB debug driver so you can debug your app on a USB-connected Android device using your Windows development machine.

The following video shows how to install the Android adb debug driver for use with the now retired Debug tab. These instructions also apply to using remote Chrome DevTools to debug your USB-connected Android device. Watch from ~1:30 thru the 10 minute mark of the video to see the driver installation process.

 

Getting started:

To determine if you have the ADB debug driver already installed and configured for use with your Android device, try performing the Chrome browser test described on this page. If that test passes your device is ready to use for USB debug; if not, follow the instructions below to install the Android ADB debug driver and configure your Android device for use as a debug and test device.

The official instructions regarding how to install the Android USB debug driver are available on the Install OEM USB Drivers page of the Android Studio site. However, you may find that those official instructions leave you no better off than when you started...

...instead of using the official Android developer instructions, we recommend that you read on…

If you saw a dialog box similar to the following (after you attached your Android device to your Windows workstation) indicating that USB drivers have been successfully installed for your Android device, you do not yet have the ADB USB debug driver installed for your Android device! This message was simply telling you that the Android MTP and/or PTP drivers were installed.

The driver installation that generated the dialog shown above was a Media (MTP) or Camera (PTP) device driver that provides access to your Android device’s files and photos. It does not provide debug services. See this Android USB Connections Explained for more information regarding MTP and PTP connection modes.

Install the "Intel USB Driver for Android Devices" on Windows:

If you previously performed this step for another Android device, and you can debug over USB with that Android device, you do not need to install this USB driver a second time. You can go directly to the next section and verify that USB debugging is enabled on your Android device.

You must be a member of the Administrator group or be logged in as Administrator on your Windows development system to perform the operations described below.

  • Disconnect your Android device from your Windows workstation (remove the USB cable)!
  • Go to the Intel USB Driver for Android Devices page.
  • Click the Download Now link.
  • Accept the terms and conditions of the download license agreement.
  • Click the Download Now link that appears after accepting the license agreement.
  • Unzip the contents of the ZIP file you downloaded (e.g., IntelAndroidDrvSetup*.zip), which should contain a single installer named something like IntelAndroidDrvSetup*.exe (the precise name of the file is version dependent).
  • Run the installer you extracted from the ZIP file on your Windows development system.
  • Be sure to click Yes if you are presented with a “User Account Control” dialog asking for permission to “allow this app to make changes to your PC?”
  • Follow the install prompts and accept the license agreement.
  • Insure that the Intel Android device USB driver is checked and select Next.
  • Accept the default install location and select Install.
  • If you are asked “Would you like to install this device software?” click the Install button.
  • Select OK when the install is finished.
  • Select Finish to exit the installer.

See this Detailed Step-by-Step Instructions to Install the Intel USB Driver for Android Devices on Windows for an illustrated set of the above instructions.

Verify that USB debugging is enabled on your Android device:

  • Disconnect your Android device from your Windows workstation (remove the USB cable)!
  • Find the Settings > Developer options configuration screen on your Android device.
  • If Developer options is not visible, select Settings > About device and tap the Build number item seven times. Return to the Settings screen and Developer options should now be visible.
  • Enable the USB Debugging option from within Settings > Developer options. Enabling this function automatically launches remote debug mode on your Android device when a USB connection is made with your development system.

Detailed instructions for enabling USB debugging on your Android device can be found in the Enabling On-device Developer Options section of the Run Apps on a Hardware Device page on the Android Studio site.

Enable the Intel USB Driver for Android Devices:

There is, in fact, only one Android USB debug driver (written by Google). The only difference between the various USB debug drivers provided by Android device manufacturers is the device ID in the driver INF file that indicates to Windows that “this driver belongs to that device.” As part of this install procedure we are going to override device ID mismatches and force the Intel ADB driver you downloaded and installed on your Windows workstation to be used with an Android device that has a different device ID.

  • Connect your Android device to a USB port on your Windows workstation.
  • Right-click Computer on your desktop, or in Windows Explorer, and select Properties.
  • Select Device Manager on the left side of the Properties pane. (Alternatively, you can start the Device Manager by typing mmc devmgmt.msc at a Windows command prompt.)
  • Locate and expand Other devices in the Device Manager.

If you don’t see Other devices in the Device Manager your Android device and USB debug driver may already be configured and ready to use, or your USB cable is bad. You can try the Chrome desktop browser test described on this page to see if your device is being recognized for debug.

  • Right-click the device name (e.g., Nexus 5 or Android Tablet or ADB Interface, etc.) and select Update Driver Software… This will launch the Update Driver Software wizard.

  • Select Browse my computer for driver software at the bottom of the dialog box.

  • Click Let me pick from a list of device drivers on my computer at the bottom of the dialog box:

  • Search for and select Intel Android Device from the "Common hardware types" list. If you have only installed the Intel USB driver (above) you will only find the Intel Android Device; however, if you have previously installed another manufacturer’s ADB driver you may also see ADB Interface, Android Phone, Android or other names in this list. These other options can also be used, because they use the same USB driver files; for simplicity, select the Intel Android Device.

If you see none of the above options you may have to select Show All Devices (at the top of the list) and then click the Next button to get a complete list of device drivers installed on your system. Please be patient when selecting Show All Devices, it can take a few minutes to populate the list.

  • Select a Model from the list of available drivers (see below). If you selected the Intel Android Device, in the prior step, the driver Model you need will be at the bottom of the list: the Intel Android Composite ADB Interface. If you selected some other manufacturer's Android device you should find a variant of Android Composite ADB Interface as a choice.

  • When you select one of these “non-matching” ADB drivers you will get a warning message, because the ID of the driver does not match that of your connected Android device. Click Yes to ignore the warning and confirm that you wish to use this driver with your Android device.

  • Click Next to install the driver.
  • Close the "successfully updated" driver installation dialog.

If the procedure above was successful, you should now see something similar to the following when you inspect the Device Manager with your Android test device attached via USB (the precise name of this "interface" under the Android Device may vary as a function of the ADB debug driver you used, but it should say something about "ADB"):

NOTE: If you change your Android device's USB connection mode from MTP to PTP (or vice-versa) you may have to follow the process above again (starting with the section titled Enable the Intel USB Driver for Android Devices) to reconnect the USB driver with your Android device. There is nothing wrong with your Android device or your system, if this happens; it simply is required with some Android devices.

Now, try the Chrome desktop browser test described on this page to confirm that your Windows workstation can communicate with your Android device. You may have to confirm an “Allow USB debugging?” message on your Android device after it is recognized by your workstation.

Still not working?

If none of this worked, see the first two instructions of this article titled Android Won’t Connect To Windows Over ADB? Fix It In Three Easy Steps for instructions on how to remove problem Android USB drivers from your system so you can start over. Do not follow the third step in that article, use the process outlined above to finish the process!

You may need to go through this process again each time you connect a new Android device (especially devices from a different manufacturer). In that case, if you have previously installed the Intel or Google or Samsung or some other Android USB debug driver, you can select that driver from the available list of drivers and it will work with your new device.

If none of the above worked, and you have Android Studio installed on your system, you can try these instructions.

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