This document will guide you through installing the Intel® Atom™ x86 image for Android* Gingerbread, which can be used for development on Intel’s x86 architecture.
The Android x86 Emulator Image requires the Android SDK to be installed. For instructions on installing and configuring the Android SDK, refer to the Android developer website (http://developer.android.com/sdk/).
The x86 Emulator Image for Android can be accelerated using Intel Hardware Accelerated Execution Manager (HAXM). For more information, refer to the “Optimization” section of this document.
- From the Android* 2.3.7 (Gingerbread) x86 Emulator Image website (https://software.intel.com/en-us/android/articles/android-237-gingerbread-x86-emulator-system-image/) download the "sysimg_x86-10_r04.zip" file to your computer.
- Uncompress the contents of the archive file to the <sdk>/system-images/android-10/default/x86/ folder of your Android SDK installation location, as shown below:
- Once the file is uncompressed in the <sdk>/system-images/android-10/default/x86/ folder, the folder should look like the following:
- Start the Android SDK Manager program.
- Verify that the Intel x86 Atom System Image is shown as "Installed" under the Status column as shown below:
- Under the "Tools" Menu select "Manage AVDs...", as shown below:
- The Android Virtual Device Manager window should appear. Select the "Create…" button.
- Enter a name for your virtual device in the Name field. Note, spaces are not allowed in the name.
- Select "Android 2.3.3 – API Level 10" from the drop down list of the Target field and “Intel Atom (x86)” from the drop down list of the CPU/ABI, as shown below:
- Once you select your configuration settings, click on the "OK" button.
- The new virtual device should appear on the Android Virtual Device Manager. Select the new device and click on the "Start ..." button, as shown below:
- The Launch Options screen should appear. Select the screen size and dpi for your system, otherwise the emulator might exceed the dimensions of your viewing screen. Click on the "Launch" button, as shown below:
- After a few moments, the emulator should launch and you should see the screen below:
The performance of the x86 Image for Android GingerBread can be improved with hardware-based virtualization using Intel VT-x technology.
If your computer has an Intel processor with VT-x support, it is recommended that Intel Hardware Acceleration Execution Manager (HAXM) be used in conjunction with this system image. For more information about Intel HAXM, visit http://www.intel.com/software/android.
Note: Intel HAXM is for Windows and OS X operating systems only. For Linux hosts, Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) can be used to accelerate emulation performance. For information on installing and configuring KVM on Ubuntu, refer to this guide: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/KVM/Installation
The Intel Atom x86 Image for Android Gingerbread can make use of hardware GPU features to increase the performance of games, graphics-intensive programs, and user interface elements.
Note: The functionality and performance of GPU acceleration is highly dependent on your computer’s graphics card and graphics drivers.
To use hardware GPU acceleration, perform these steps:
- Open the Android AVD Manager.
- Select the AVD and click the “Edit” button.
- The AVD editor window will appear. In the Emulator Options section, check the “Use Host GPU” option:
- Click the “OK” button to save the AVD.
- After the AVD has been modified, a dialog box will appear confirming the AVD settings:
In the confirmation dialog, the “hw.gpu.enabled=yes” line indicates that GPU acceleration is enabled for that particular AVD.
Note: The GPU acceleration must be enabled on a per-AVD basis.
Copyright (C) 2012 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
Intel, Atom, and the Intel logo are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the U.S. and/or other countries.
All products, computer systems, dates, and figures specified are preliminary based on current expectations, and are subject to change without notice.
* Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.
For further instructions on how to use the Android Emulator, visit:http://developer.android.com/guide/developing/devices/emulator.html