Computes selected eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a real symmetric tridiagonal matrix.

Syntax

lapack_int LAPACKE_sstemr( int matrix_layout, char jobz, char range, lapack_int n, const float* d, float* e, float vl, float vu, lapack_int il, lapack_int iu, lapack_int* m, float* w, float* z, lapack_int ldz, lapack_int nzc, lapack_int* isuppz, lapack_logical* tryrac );

lapack_int LAPACKE_dstemr( int matrix_layout, char jobz, char range, lapack_int n, const double* d, double* e, double vl, double vu, lapack_int il, lapack_int iu, lapack_int* m, double* w, double* z, lapack_int ldz, lapack_int nzc, lapack_int* isuppz, lapack_logical* tryrac );

lapack_int LAPACKE_cstemr( int matrix_layout, char jobz, char range, lapack_int n, const float* d, float* e, float vl, float vu, lapack_int il, lapack_int iu, lapack_int* m, float* w, lapack_complex_float* z, lapack_int ldz, lapack_int nzc, lapack_int* isuppz, lapack_logical* tryrac );

lapack_int LAPACKE_zstemr( int matrix_layout, char jobz, char range, lapack_int n, const double* d, double* e, double vl, double vu, lapack_int il, lapack_int iu, lapack_int* m, double* w, lapack_complex_double* z, lapack_int ldz, lapack_int nzc, lapack_int* isuppz, lapack_logical* tryrac );

Include Files

  • mkl.h

Description

The routine computes selected eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of a real symmetric tridiagonal matrix T. Any such unreduced matrix has a well defined set of pairwise different real eigenvalues, the corresponding real eigenvectors are pairwise orthogonal.

The spectrum may be computed either completely or partially by specifying either an interval (vl,vu] or a range of indices il:iu for the desired eigenvalues.

Depending on the number of desired eigenvalues, these are computed either by bisection or the dqds algorithm. Numerically orthogonal eigenvectors are computed by the use of various suitable L*D*LT factorizations near clusters of close eigenvalues (referred to as RRRs, Relatively Robust Representations). An informal sketch of the algorithm follows.

For each unreduced block (submatrix) of T,

  1. Compute T - sigma*I = L*D*LT, so that L and D define all the wanted eigenvalues to high relative accuracy. This means that small relative changes in the entries of L and D cause only small relative changes in the eigenvalues and eigenvectors. The standard (unfactored) representation of the tridiagonal matrix T does not have this property in general.

  2. Compute the eigenvalues to suitable accuracy. If the eigenvectors are desired, the algorithm attains full accuracy of the computed eigenvalues only right before the corresponding vectors have to be computed, see steps c and d.

  3. For each cluster of close eigenvalues, select a new shift close to the cluster, find a new factorization, and refine the shifted eigenvalues to suitable accuracy.
  4. For each eigenvalue with a large enough relative separation compute the corresponding eigenvector by forming a rank revealing twisted factorization. Go back to step c for any clusters that remain.

For more details, see: [Dhillon04], [Dhillon04-02], [Dhillon97]

Input Parameters

matrix_layout

Specifies whether matrix storage layout is row major (LAPACK_ROW_MAJOR) or column major (LAPACK_COL_MAJOR).

jobz

Must be 'N' or 'V'.

If jobz = 'N', then only eigenvalues are computed.

If jobz = 'V', then eigenvalues and eigenvectors are computed.

range

Must be 'A' or 'V' or 'I'.

If range = 'A', the routine computes all eigenvalues.

If range = 'V', the routine computes all eigenvalues in the half-open interval: (vl, vu].

If range = 'I', the routine computes eigenvalues with indices il to iu.

n

The order of the matrix T (n0).

d

Array, size n.

Contains n diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T.

e

Array, size n.

Contains (n-1) off-diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T in elements 0 to n-2 of e. e[n - 1] need not be set on input, but is used internally as workspace.

vl, vu

If range = 'V', the lower and upper bounds of the interval to be searched for eigenvalues. Constraint: vl<vu.

If range = 'A' or 'I', vl and vu are not referenced.

il, iu

If range = 'I', the indices in ascending order of the smallest and largest eigenvalues to be returned.

Constraint: 1iliun, if n>0.

If range = 'A' or 'V', il and iu are not referenced.

ldz

The leading dimension of the output array z.

if jobz = 'V', then ldz ≥ max(1, n) for column major layout and ldz max(1, m) for row major layout ;

ldz ≥ 1 otherwise.

nzc

The number of eigenvectors to be held in the array z.

If range = 'A', then nzc≥max(1, n);

If range = 'V', then nzc is greater than or equal to the number of eigenvalues in the half-open interval: (vl, vu].

If range = 'I', then nzciu-il+1.

If nzc = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine calculates the number of columns of the array z that are needed to hold the eigenvectors.

This value is returned as the first entry of the array z, and no error message related to nzc is issued by the routine xerbla.

tryrac

If tryrac is true, it indicates that the code should check whether the tridiagonal matrix defines its eigenvalues to high relative accuracy. If so, the code uses relative-accuracy preserving algorithms that might be (a bit) slower depending on the matrix. If the matrix does not define its eigenvalues to high relative accuracy, the code can uses possibly faster algorithms.

If tryrac is not true, the code is not required to guarantee relatively accurate eigenvalues and can use the fastest possible techniques.

Output Parameters

d

On exit, the array d is overwritten.

e

On exit, the array e is overwritten.

m

The total number of eigenvalues found, 0mn.

If range = 'A', then m=n, and if range = 'I', then m=iu-il+1.

w

Array, size n.

The first m elements contain the selected eigenvalues in ascending order.

z

Array z(size max(1, ldz*m) for column major layout and max(1, ldz*n) for row major layout) .

If jobz = 'V', and info = 0, then the first m columns of z contain the orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix T corresponding to the selected eigenvalues, with the i-th column of z holding the eigenvector associated with w(i).

If jobz = 'N', then z is not referenced.

Note: the exact value of m is not known in advance and can be computed with a workspace query by setting nzc=-1, see description of the parameter nzc.

isuppz

Array, size (2*max(1, m)).

The support of the eigenvectors in z, that is the indices indicating the nonzero elements in z. The i-th computed eigenvector is nonzero only in elements isuppz[2*i - 2] through isuppz[2*i - 1]. This is relevant in the case when the matrix is split. isuppz is only accessed when jobz = 'V' and n>0.

tryrac

On exit, , set to true. tryrac is set to false if the matrix does not define its eigenvalues to high relative accuracy.

Return Values

This function returns a value info.

If info = 0, the execution is successful.

If info = -i, the i-th parameter had an illegal value.

If info > 0, an internal error occurred.

Para obtener información más completa sobre las optimizaciones del compilador, consulte nuestro Aviso de optimización.
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