Generates bits of underlying BRNG integer recurrence.

Syntax

status = viRngUniformBits( method, stream, n, r );

Include Files

  • mkl.h

Input Parameters

Name

Type

Description

method

const MKL_INT

Generation method; the specific value is

VSL_RNG_METHOD_UNIFORMBITS_STD

stream

VSLStreamStatePtr

Pointer to the stream state structure

n

const MKL_INT

Number of random values to be generated

Output Parameters

Name

Type

Description

r

unsigned int*

Vector of n random integer numbers. If the stream was generated by a 64 or a 128-bit generator, each integer value is represented by two or four elements of r respectively. The number of bytes occupied by each integer is contained in the field WordSize of the structure VSLBRngProperties. The total number of bits that are actually used to store the value are contained in the field NBits of the same structure.See Advanced Service Routines for a more detailed discussion of VSLBRngProperties.

Description

The vRngUniformBits function generates integer random values with uniform bit distribution. The generators of uniformly distributed numbers can be represented as recurrence relations over integer values in modular arithmetic. Apparently, each integer can be treated as a vector of several bits. In a truly random generator, these bits are random, while in pseudorandom generators this randomness can be violated. For example, a well known drawback of linear congruential generators is that lower bits are less random than higher bits (for example, see [Knuth81]). For this reason, care should be taken when using this function. Typically, in a 32-bit LCG only 24 higher bits of an integer value can be considered random. See VS Notes for details.

Optimization Notice

Intel's compilers may or may not optimize to the same degree for non-Intel microprocessors for optimizations that are not unique to Intel microprocessors. These optimizations include SSE2, SSE3, and SSSE3 instruction sets and other optimizations. Intel does not guarantee the availability, functionality, or effectiveness of any optimization on microprocessors not manufactured by Intel. Microprocessor-dependent optimizations in this product are intended for use with Intel microprocessors. Certain optimizations not specific to Intel microarchitecture are reserved for Intel microprocessors. Please refer to the applicable product User and Reference Guides for more information regarding the specific instruction sets covered by this notice.

Notice revision #20110804

Return Values

VSL_ERROR_OK, VSL_STATUS_OK

Indicates no error, execution is successful.

VSL_ERROR_NULL_PTR

stream is a NULL pointer.

VSL_RNG_ERROR_BAD_STREAM

stream is not a valid random stream.

VSL_RNG_ERROR_BAD_UPDATE

Callback function for an abstract BRNG returns an invalid number of updated entries in a buffer, that is, < 0 or > nmax.

VSL_RNG_ERROR_NO_NUMBERS

Callback function for an abstract BRNG returns 0 as the number of updated entries in a buffer.

VSL_RNG_ERROR_QRNG_PERIOD_ELAPSED

Period of the generator has been exceeded.

VSL_RNG_ERROR_NONDETERM_NRETRIES_EXCEEDED

Number of retries to generate a random number by using non-deterministic random number generator exceeds threshold.

VSL_RNG_ERROR_ARS5_NOT_SUPPORTED

ARS-5 random number generator is not supported on the CPU running the application.

Para obtener información más completa sobre las optimizaciones del compilador, consulte nuestro Aviso de optimización.
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