The server world has really embraced Python in a big way. For example, the OpenStack project is a very popular Infrastructure as a Service offering, and most of it is written in Python. This makes Python a leader for Software Defined Infrastructure (SDI), Software Defined Storage (SDS) and Software Defined Networking (SDN).
A traditional compiler translates a high-level computer program into machine code for the CPU you want to run it on. An interpreted language translates a high-level language into the machine code for some imaginary CPU. For historical reasons, this imaginary CPU is called a "virtual machine" and its instructions are called "byte code." One advantage of this approach is development speed: creating...
My current job is to lead our company's work on dynamic server languages, such as performance optimization and feature enabling. Besides PHP and HHVM, we want to improve Python. There is a huge amount of Python code in use out there, for example running OpenStack, Swift, DropBox and many others. What I didn't realize when I took the job was that much of this use is in a "dead" language.