In some instances, it can be advantageous to have an MPI program join a job after it has started. Additional resources can be added to a long job as they become available, or a more traditional server/client program can be created. This can be facilitated with the MPI_Comm_accept and MPI_Comm_connect functions.
- MPI_Open_port - Creates the port that is used for the communications. This port is given a name that is used to reference it later, both by the server and the client. Only the server program calls MPI_Open_port
- MPI_Comm_accept - Uses the previously opened port to listen for a connecting MPI program. This is called by the server and will create an intercommunicator once it completes.
- MPI_Comm_connect - Connects to another MPI program at the named port. This is called by the client and will create an intercommunicator once it completes.
- The programs must use the same fabric in order to connect, as the port is dependent on the fabric.
- The programs must be on the same operating system in order to connect. Different versions/distributions of the same operating systems could work, this has not been tested and is not supported.
- The method of getting the port name from the server to the client can vary.