Data objects can be static or dynamic. If a data object is static, a fixed amount of memory storage is created for it at compile time and is not freed until the program exits. If a data object is dynamic, memory storage for the object can be created (allocated), altered, or freed (deallocated) as a program executes.
The bounds (and shape) of an allocatable array are determined when it is allocated. Subsequent redefinition or undefinition of any entities in the bound expressions does not affect the array specification.
If the lower bound is greater than the upper bound, that dimension has an extent of zero, and the array has a size of zero. If the lower bound is omitted, it is assumed to be 1.
When a pointer is allocated, the pointer is associated with a target and can be used to reference or define the target. (The target can be an array or a scalar, depending on how the pointer was declared.)
Other pointers can become associated with the pointer target (or part of the pointer target) by pointer assignment.
If the DEALLOCATE statement specifies an array that is not currently allocated, an error occurs.
If an allocatable array with the TARGET attribute is deallocated, the association status of any pointer associated with it becomes undefined.
If a RETURN or END statement terminates a procedure, an allocatable array has one of the following allocation statuses: