Pin
Typedefs | Functions
Pin System Call API

Typedefs

typedef VOID(* LEVEL_PINCLIENT::SYSCALL_ENTRY_CALLBACK )(THREADID threadIndex, CONTEXT *ctxt, SYSCALL_STANDARD std, VOID *v)
typedef VOID(* LEVEL_PINCLIENT::SYSCALL_EXIT_CALLBACK )(THREADID threadIndex, CONTEXT *ctxt, SYSCALL_STANDARD std, VOID *v)

Functions

PIN_CALLBACK LEVEL_PINCLIENT::PIN_AddSyscallEntryFunction (SYSCALL_ENTRY_CALLBACK fun, VOID *val)
PIN_CALLBACK LEVEL_PINCLIENT::PIN_AddSyscallExitFunction (SYSCALL_EXIT_CALLBACK fun, VOID *val)
VOID LEVEL_PINCLIENT::PIN_SetSyscallArgument (CONTEXT *ctxt, SYSCALL_STANDARD std, UINT32 argNum, ADDRINT val)
ADDRINT LEVEL_PINCLIENT::PIN_GetSyscallArgument (const CONTEXT *ctxt, SYSCALL_STANDARD std, UINT32 argNum)
VOID LEVEL_PINCLIENT::PIN_SetSyscallNumber (CONTEXT *ctxt, SYSCALL_STANDARD std, ADDRINT val)
ADDRINT LEVEL_PINCLIENT::PIN_GetSyscallNumber (const CONTEXT *ctxt, SYSCALL_STANDARD std)
ADDRINT LEVEL_PINCLIENT::PIN_GetSyscallReturn (const CONTEXT *ctxt, SYSCALL_STANDARD std)
ADDRINT LEVEL_PINCLIENT::PIN_GetSyscallErrno (const CONTEXT *ctxt, SYSCALL_STANDARD std)

Detailed Description

These APIs provide Pin support for extracting information about, or modifying, system calls made by the pinned program.


Typedef Documentation

typedef VOID(* LEVEL_PINCLIENT::SYSCALL_ENTRY_CALLBACK)(THREADID threadIndex, CONTEXT *ctxt, SYSCALL_STANDARD std, VOID *v)

Call-back function before execution of a system call.

Parameters:
[in]threadIndexThe Pin thread ID of the thread that executes the system call.
[in,out]ctxtApplication's register state immediately before execution of the system call. The tool may change this and affect the new register state.
[in]stdThe system calling standard.
[in]vThe tool's call-back value.
typedef VOID(* LEVEL_PINCLIENT::SYSCALL_EXIT_CALLBACK)(THREADID threadIndex, CONTEXT *ctxt, SYSCALL_STANDARD std, VOID *v)

Call-back function after execution of a system call.

Parameters:
[in]threadIndexThe Pin thread ID of the thread that executed the system call.
[in,out]ctxtApplication's register state immediately after execution of the system call.The tool may change this and affect the new register state.
[in]stdThe system calling standard.
[in]vThe tool's call-back value.

Function Documentation

PIN_CALLBACK LEVEL_PINCLIENT::PIN_AddSyscallEntryFunction ( SYSCALL_ENTRY_CALLBACK  fun,
VOID *  val 
)

Register a notification function that is called immediately before execution of a system call.

Parameters:
[in]funFunction to be called immediately before execution of a system call.
[in]valValue to pass to the function.
Returns:
PIN_CALLBACK A handle to a callback that can be used to further modify this callback's properties
Note:
The pin client lock is obtained during the call of this API..
Availability:
Mode: JIT
O/S: Linux, Windows
CPU: All
PIN_CALLBACK LEVEL_PINCLIENT::PIN_AddSyscallExitFunction ( SYSCALL_EXIT_CALLBACK  fun,
VOID *  val 
)

Register a notification function that is called immediately after execution of a system call.
The notification is called for each system call when it returns to the application, even if the system call changes control flow and does not fall through to the next instruction.

Parameters:
[in]funFunction to be called immediately after execution of a system call.
[in]valValue to pass to the function.
Note:
In order to monitor all possible control transfers from the operating system to the user mode application, the tool has to register both a SYSCALL_EXIT_CALLBACK and a CONTEXT_CHANGE_CALLBACK callback functions. This can be done using the corresponding registration functions: PIN_AddSyscallExitFunction() and PIN_AddContextChangeFunction().
When a system call returns to the application, the tool receives the SYSCALL_EXIT_CALLBACK notification. Usually, this callback immediately follows the corresponding SYSCALL_ENTRY_CALLBACK notification and there is no application code executed between these two events. However, some (Windows) system calls can be interrupted by a system event (APC, Windows callback, exception) before they return to the application. If this happens, the tool receives the corresponding CONTEXT_CHANGE_CALLBACK notification just before the (user mode) handler of the system event gets executed. Eventually, when the event handler and the interrupted system call are completed, the SYSCALL_EXIT_CALLBACK notification is delivered to the tool.
Returns:
PIN_CALLBACK A handle to a callback that can be used to further modify this callback's properties
Note:
The pin client lock is obtained during the call of this API.
Availability:
Mode: JIT
O/S: Linux, Windows
CPU: All
ADDRINT LEVEL_PINCLIENT::PIN_GetSyscallArgument ( const CONTEXT ctxt,
SYSCALL_STANDARD  std,
UINT32  argNum 
)

Get the value of the argument of the system call to be executed in the specified context.
It is a user's responsibility to make sure that the specified context and the current memory content represent the state of a system call before execution. For example, this function can be safely used in the scope of SYSCALL_ENTRY_CALLBACK. Applying this function to an inappropriate context results in undefined behavior and even may cause crash on systems in which system call arguments are located in memory.

Parameters:
[in]ctxtcontext before the system call execution
[in]stdsystem calling standard
[in]argNumordinal number of the argument whose value is requested. Ordinal numbers start from zero for the first argument
Returns:
value of the argument
Availability:
Mode: JIT
O/S: Linux, Windows & OS X
CPU: IA-32 and Intel(R) 64 architectures
ADDRINT LEVEL_PINCLIENT::PIN_GetSyscallErrno ( const CONTEXT ctxt,
SYSCALL_STANDARD  std 
)

Get the error code of the system call which is just returned with the specified context.
It is a user's responsibility to make sure that the specified context represents the state of a system call after execution. For example, this function can be safely used in the scope of SYSCALL_EXIT_CALLBACK. Applying this function to an inappropriate context results in undefined behavior.

Parameters:
[in]ctxtcontext after the system call execution
[in]stdsystem calling standard
Returns:
error code, if the system call failed;
zero, if the system call succeeded
Availability:
Mode: JIT
O/S: Linux, Windows & OS X
CPU: IA-32 and Intel(R) 64 architectures
ADDRINT LEVEL_PINCLIENT::PIN_GetSyscallNumber ( const CONTEXT ctxt,
SYSCALL_STANDARD  std 
)

Get the number (ID) of the system call to be executed in the specified context.
It is a user's responsibility to make sure that the specified context represents the state of a system call before execution. For example, this function can be safely used in the scope of SYSCALL_ENTRY_CALLBACK, but not in a SYSCALL_EXIT_CALLBACK. Applying this function to an inappropriate context results in undefined behavior.

If you need the system call number in a SYSCALL_EXIT_CALLBACK, you should use a SYSCALL_ENTRY_CALLBACK to save the system call number into thread local storage so that you can get it from there in your SYSCALL_EXIT_CALLBACK. Beware, though of interruptable system calls, to handle those you will need to worry about other context changes (see the discussion in PIN_AddSyscallExitFunction ).

Parameters:
[in]ctxtcontext before the system call execution
[in]stdsystem calling standard
Returns:
system call number
Availability:
Mode: JIT
O/S: Linux, Windows & OS X
CPU: IA-32 and Intel(R) 64 architectures
ADDRINT LEVEL_PINCLIENT::PIN_GetSyscallReturn ( const CONTEXT ctxt,
SYSCALL_STANDARD  std 
)

Get the return value of the system call which has just returned with the specified context.
It is a user's responsibility to make sure that the specified context represents the state of a system call after execution. For example, this function can be safely used in the scope of SYSCALL_EXIT_CALLBACK. Applying this function to an inappropriate context results in undefined behavior.

Parameters:
[in]ctxtcontext after the system call execution
[in]stdsystem calling standard
Returns:
return value of the system call.
On Linux and OS X the function returns -1 if the system call failed
Availability:
Mode: JIT
O/S: Linux, Windows & OS X
CPU: IA-32 and Intel(R) 64 architectures
VOID LEVEL_PINCLIENT::PIN_SetSyscallArgument ( CONTEXT ctxt,
SYSCALL_STANDARD  std,
UINT32  argNum,
ADDRINT  val 
)

Set the given value for the argument of the system call to be executed in the specified context.
It is a user's responsibility to make sure that the specified context and the current memory content represent the state of a system call before execution. For example, this function can be safely used in the scope of SYSCALL_ENTRY_CALLBACK. Applying this function to an inappropriate context results in undefined behavior and even may cause crash on systems in which system call arguments are located in memory.

Parameters:
[in,out]ctxtcontext before the system call execution
[in]stdsystem calling standard
[in]argNumordinal number of the argument whose value is to be set. Ordinal numbers start from zero for the first argument
[in]valnew value of the argument
Availability:
Mode: JIT
O/S: Linux, Windows & OS X
CPU: IA-32 and Intel(R) 64 architectures
VOID LEVEL_PINCLIENT::PIN_SetSyscallNumber ( CONTEXT ctxt,
SYSCALL_STANDARD  std,
ADDRINT  val 
)

Set the number (ID) of the system call to be executed in the specified context.
It is a user's responsibility to make sure that the specified context represents the state of a system call before execution. For example, this function can be safely used in the scope of SYSCALL_ENTRY_CALLBACK. Applying this function to an inappropriate context results in undefined behavior.

Parameters:
[in]ctxtcontext before the system call execution
[in]stdsystem calling standard
[in]valnew system call number
Availability:
Mode: JIT
O/S: Linux, Windows & OS X
CPU: IA-32 and Intel(R) 64 architectures
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